Albert Camus (pictured above) is generally regarded as the father of modern Absurdism, expanding on, or rejecting the notion of absurdity confronted by Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard and his existentialist philosophy. Camus wrote extensively about the subject during his life in the aftermath of the second world war.
In the simplest terms, Absurdism is the belief that universe is too vast and unknowable for for human beings to ever know anything for certain. Because of that, we do not possess the ability to say or know for certain what, if anything, has meaning of value objectively. This causes us to comprehend the absurd nature of our existence: we cannot exist without meaning but we are incapable of determining meaning.
IMPORTANT LITERARY WORK
Albert Camus anchored most of his writing in absurdity, but essential reads are The Myth of Sisyphus and The Stranger.
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